What Orthopedic Instruments Are Used for Bone Removal?

Orthopedic surgical instruments are the surgical tools used to treat abnormalities and are designed to manipulate bone and associated ligaments, tendons, and other tissues. It can also be a supporting device for a damaged and broken bone. Orthopedic surgical instruments are created with stainless steel and titanium alloys to be solid and durable. They are coated with plastic that behaves as artificial cartilage. In addition, several critical orthopedic specialty areas require medical supplies, mainly Orthopedic Surgical Instruments, and the following article gives a detailed insight into the tools used for the relevant bone removal procedures.

Surgical procedures that commonly fall under the umbrella of the orthopedic specialty include:

1. Hand and wrist

2. Foot and ankle (podiatry)

3. Shoulder and elbow

4. Arthroscopy (total joint restructuring)

5. Hip and knee procedures

What is various equipment used in orthopedic operation?

There is an extensively wide variety of Orthopedic surgical instruments used during medical procedures. The most used orthopedic surgery instruments are:

1. Hohmann retractors:

Hohmann retractors are surgical instruments used by medical practitioners and orthopedic surgeons to closely examine the damaged bone for various orthopedic surgical procedures. This surgical instrument extensively explores the fundamental bones and organs while retracting tissues closely. Hohmann retractors are useful for minimal or invasive human knee and hip surgical procedures. Moreover, it significantly improves the visualization of the caudal aspect of the meniscus.

2. Meals Tenolysis Surgical Instruments:

These instruments reduce hand fatigue while maximizing the surgeon's access to tendon surfaces. This four-piece set features three double-ended knives for accessing, probing, and lysing tendons and a dilator for stretching the annular pulleys.

3. Lead and aluminum hand-holders and tables:

Aluminum and Lead hands are hand-shaped slabs that are malleable and effective for positioning a hand correctly for surgery. A hand table is a system by which the hand can be secured with various pieces of equipment to ensure it as the surgeon desires.

4. Self-retaining retractor systems:

Self-retaining retractors have locking mechanisms that keep the blades apart and in place, while spreading the edges of the incision and holding other tissue in place, thus freeing the surgeon's and assistant's hands for different tasks.

5. Elevators:

The elevator is an instrument with a handle and elevation angled or straight blade used to elevate the periosteum and used in surgery. 

6. Screwdrivers and removal systems

They are designed to remove screws with heads partially or entirely missing. The cone-shaped head fully engages the remaining screw and optimizes the force needed for removal. The bolt is disposable and locks into place using a unique thread design.

7. Wire and pin instruments

Wires and pins are helpful during orthopedic procedures to secure the bone. Instruments preferred for wire and pin management are specifically designed to cut wires and plugs while absorbing the cut's impact.

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