The Function of the Operating Room

Surgery is the manual or operational diagnosis and treatment of medical injuries, illnesses, and abnormalities. It is a vital service provided by a healthcare institution to a community. A wide range of surgical procedures is used to address medical disorders within the realm of healthcare. Surgery is a sensitive and difficult task. It must be carried out in a controlled atmosphere with a large number of technological resources and a team of medical specialists to support employees and the best surgical equipment.

Surgical cases are classified as inpatient, outpatient, or same-day depending on the patient and the type of surgical treatment. Patients who have been admitted to the hospital undergo inpatient operations. Outpatient treatments are often used for minor surgical procedures. In such circumstances, the patient will normally be given local anesthesia, hospitalized, and discharged on the same day. Same-day surgery involves more intensive operations than outpatient treatments and may need general anesthesia. The patient is, however, released the same day.

The operating room is a space in a healthcare institution where surgery can be performed. Patients who need invasive treatment are transferred to this section for anesthesia induction, surgery, and resuscitation. It is a technologically advanced field with sophisticated equipment, highly trained personnel, and tight environmental regulations. The surgical suite refers to the unique room where a surgical operation is done. The operation room refers to the whole department inside the healthcare institution that houses the operating suites and accompanying facility. A typical hospital has multiple departments that provide a variety of services.

The operating room (OR) is a crucial part of the hospital and the whole process of patient care. The following lists detail the normal stages for a patient having both a planned and an unscheduled surgical treatment. Its purpose is to explain how a surgical operation is organized, as well as the links between hospital departments.


Planned Surgery


  • The patient is a primary care physician.
  • After making a diagnosis, the primary care physician sends the patient to a surgical expert.
  • The disease is detected by a surgical expert, who verified the necessity for surgical therapy. Diagnosis is made with the help of radiology images and tests from the medical lab.
  • The operation day and OR time are set, and the patient is admitted to a pre-admitting test facility to examine her medical history and conduct numerous testing.
  • An anesthesiologist reviews the patient's medical history and plans the anesthetic approach.
  • The patient is taken to the pre-op area (induction room), where she is getting ready for surgery, and an anesthetic is administered.
  • The procedure is carried out in a surgical suite.
  • Following the procedure, the patient is sent to the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU) to recuperate from the effects of anesthesia.
  • The patient is transferred to a care unit for a full recovery.
  • The patient has been released from the hospital.
  • The patient visits the hospital on a regular basis for physical therapy.


Unplanned Surgery (Emergency)

  • The patient call in an emergency and an ambulance is summoned.
  • The patient is sent to the hospital's emergency room.
  • The ER doctor directs that the patient be taken to the radiology department for imaging and that samples be sent to the medical lab for analysis.
  • To help in the diagnosis, a surgical expert is contacted.
  • The patient is transferred to the pre-operative area (induction room), where she is readied for surgery, and anesthesia is administered.
  • The procedure is done in an emergency surgical suite.
  • The patient is sent to the PACU after surgery to recuperate from the effects of the anesthetic.
  • The patient is transferred to the critical care unit to recover completely.
  • The patient has been released from the hospital.
  • The patient visits the hospital on a regular basis for physical therapy.

An operating room can execute a broad variety of surgical operations. Any surgical operation is incomplete without the surgical equipment. Peak Surgicals provides satisfactory surgical equipment for any operating room.

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