Common Orthopedic Procedures

Following is the list of orthopedic surgeries that are commonly held in the field.

 

  1. Surgery for ACL Reconstruction

The ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament) is one of the primary ligaments in your knee. It's diagonally in front of your knees and gives you support as you twist your legs. During surgery, the physician will use a graft of a tendon from another area of your body to replace the damaged ACL. Patients are typically able to go home the same day after surgery and use the RICE home treatment method: Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation. If you're an athlete, be patient since it might take up to a year before you can return to your favorite sports.

 

  1. Replacement of the Knee

A patient may need partial or complete knee replacement surgery depending on the degree of the damage. Both are caused by cartilage degeneration in the knee joints, which restricts and pains movement. This might be the consequence of a traumatic injury, bursitis caused by repeated motions, or obesity. A complete knee replacement involves the removal of the whole damaged knee joint and its replacement with metal components. Only the damaged section of the knee is replaced with a partial knee replacement.

 

  1. Replacement of the Shoulder

The surgeon removes the top piece of the humerus (upper arm bone) and replaces it with a metal ball during shoulder replacement surgery. The doctor then replaces the injured section of the socket with a plastic prosthetic. The rotator cuff (shoulder tendons and ligaments) would then keep everything in place. If the rotator cuff is damaged as well, the surgeon will do a Reverse Shoulder Replacement. The metal ball is inserted into the socket, and the plastic prosthesis is secured to the humerus using screws and plates.

 

  1. Total Hip Replacement

A ball-and-socket joint connects the thigh bone (femur) to the hip bones (pelvis). The femoral head is the upper component of the femur and is the "ball" portion. The acetabulum is the "socket" component of the pelvis. Everything fits together well when a person's hips are healthy, with cartilage allowing the joint to move freely. Hip replacement surgery is classified into two types. The standard procedure replaces the complete ball and socket joint with either a metal or plastic prosthesis, while the Birmingham Hip Resurfacing approach replaces just the damaged areas, making the operation less invasive and requiring less recovery time.

  1. Arthroscopy of the Knee

Arthroscopic surgery is a minimally invasive procedure. The surgeon creates a small incision and inserts a tiny camera linked to their equipment, which allows them to view inside your knee joint. The photos are shown onto a screen, and your doctor corrects the issue using little devices.

  1. Arthroscopy of the Shoulder

This sort of surgery follows the same procedure as mentioned above for knee surgery, except it is conducted on your shoulder. To repair the injured parts of the joint, the surgeon may need to make further minor incisions.

  1. Ankle Reconstruction

If the joint is unstable after a fracture, ankle repair surgery is required. This indicates that the bones are not correctly positioned. The bones are restored to their proper place during the surgery and kept together with implants. For many weeks after surgery, the patient will be needed to wear a cast or a boot. Once the ankle bones have healed, the patient will be able to put weight on the foot and do rehabilitation activities in order to restore a complete range of motion.

 

  1. Spinal Procedures

There are several kinds of back procedures, including, Diskectomy, Spinal Fusion, Kyphoplasty, and Laminectomy. They're all important since the spine serves as the primary support structure for the complete skeletal system. Fortunately, many of these operations may be performed with minimum invasion.

  1. Joint Fusion

Arthritis sufferers often have this sort of surgery. During surgery, the damaged cartilage is removed and replaced with a graft. The joints' bones are then fused together to create joint stability. It is possible to perform it on the patient's spine, fingers, ankles, and feet.

 

  1. Triggered Finger Release

Tendons go from the base of the finger to the tips. These tendons, which are protected by a sheath, enable humans to move and flex their fingers. This sheath gets inflamed when it is damaged. This prevents the patient from fully extending his or her finger. This is characterized as stenosing tenosynovitis or "trigger finger." There are three forms of trigger finger surgery, all of which need just local anesthesia. The patient will most likely be allowed to go home the same day.

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